We started the discussion on the depletion of resources and how it will become obsolete one day. I did understand what they were talking about but like they said none of us knew the seriousness of this issue. This is very true to most of the people as they are not aware of the reality.
We then discussed as to how buildings influence the depletion of resources and how the role of an architect is important when we talk about sustainability.
Some of the traditional building techniques that was used, like the wide sunshades, verandas around the house, etc. were passive ways of sustainability as the thermal comfort of the house was increased. But now due to the increase in the cost of construction and also the increase in land value, even if we want to follow the traditional techniques, it is not affordable and hence not followed.
We should think of alternative methods in design which is more apt for the present day scenario, keeping sustainability in mind. This leads to reduction in use of resources and increase the use of renewable energy.
If this is in small scale, when we look at the bigger picture or at the urban level, the increase in the number of private transport, increases the pollution and also in the consumption of non-renewable resources. This shows the importance of us starting to use more of public transport. It not only decongests the road but also saves energy.
For example, if one needs to reach a destination which is 2km away, then he/she can walk or use the cycle as it is a good exercise and also very safe to the environment. This is just one such idea but there could be more done which might seem to be very insignificant but it will surely have a huge impact if followed by larger numbers.
This discussion continued as to how can one make a place sustainable at the urban scale, but later we also did realise that it’s not just us talking about it that will make the difference but also involves other factors like the higher officials who actually take decisions related to this, etc. One other important factor is individual inputs and the change in lifestyle which leads towards the betterment of the world as only that will change the whole scenario.
In college one of my teachers spoke to me about a syndrome called NIMBY – Not in My Backyard Syndrome, which is true and what most of us follow.
The seriousness of the issue should be understood and sustainability should start from each of us individuals which will make the world a better place.
Now getting back to sustainability through architecture – minimising the use of materials and the energy is the key factor. Also the waste produced during construction, and later the sewage, sullage, kitchen waste, etc. should be recycled and reused.
We could think of experiments and alternative ideas for construction methods, waste management, etc. and see if it is useful in our scenario to make it a green living.
One way of thinking for green living is to calculate the carbon foot print which will give us definite numbers to actually understand sustainability better and where we are standing right now. Later after the ideas have been incorporated in a building, the carbon foot print can be calculated again and the compared to see what is the difference that is been made.
Even while designing one should see how flexible a building can be in the planning level so that it can cater to the future, which will reduce the number of buildings from being broken down and constructed again.
Few general ideas for any project:
· 10 m green belt around the plot
· Connecting spaces at a higher level
· Interaction spaces
· Extensive use of solar energy
· Geothermal energy & other renewable resources
· Activities for the retired community, etc.
Few activities that could be done:
Carbon footprint in the making of an Athangudi tile and a normal tile, etc.
Topic for research
The active and passive ways to make a building and the space around sustainable.
How it could be useful to us
One should have enthusiasm and excitement while doing anything, to get the best results. This is one of the most important qualities one should possess. We should all not just take from Mother Nature but also give something in return so there is a future available.
The topic, active and passive ways to make a building or a space sustainable can be useful to us as we not only do new constructions but also restoration of buildings which cannot be broken down as they carry historical value and also very close to our heart.
Hence the ideas can be used in the design according to the demand.