top of page
  • Writer's pictureBenny Kuriakose

Getting Into The Basics of Designing a Classroom

A school is a child’s entry into the world of learning, by giving them space to wonder and nurture their creativity. It makes them question, explore, identify problems, and attempt to find solutions. The school teaches children to interact with their environment, where the classroom is compared to the model of the world. It utilizes reading, teaching, playing, and other activities as teaching tools. Children's futures are shaped by this learning, which helps them visualise the world and their place in it.

Sankalp The Learning Centre & Special Needs School in Chennai

List Of Contents



Planning of a Classroom


Planning is important for the smooth running of daily activities and behaviour management in the classroom. A good classroom planning will allow the teacher and students to be more organised and have the flexibility to conduct various activities within the classroom space.


a) Linear Arrangement of Classrooms


Linear Arrangement of Classrooms

Planning for Linear Arrangement

In a linear arrangement, the classrooms are placed on one side of a verandah or a corridor, providing a direct connection between the classrooms and the outdoor space on the other side. This allows sufficient light and ventilation for the classrooms. This type of classroom arrangement is known as a single-loaded corridor. The average height of the corridor should preferably be a minimum of 2400 mm.


Width of a Single Loaded Corridor

b) Classrooms on Either Side of a Corridor


In this type of arrangement, the classrooms can be arranged on both sides of a corridor. The classrooms can also be staggered to allow light and ventilation into the rooms. The light and ventilation in the building may be affected; therefore, open spaces can be provided between two and four classrooms. This type of arrangement of classrooms is known as a double-loaded corridor, in which the indoor spaces are arranged on either side of a double-width corridor.


Arrangement Of Classrooms On Either Sides

In this type of arrangement, the classrooms can be arranged on both sides of a corridor. The classrooms can also be staggered to allow light and ventilation intothe rooms. The light and ventilation in the building may be affected; therefore, open spaces can be provided

between two and four classrooms. This type of arrangement of classrooms is known as a

double-loaded corridor, in which the indoor spaces are arranged on either side of a double-width corridor.


Plan of a classroom arrangement with buffer zones staggered layout

Plan of a classroom arrangement with staggered layout

Double Width Corridor

c) Classrooms Around a Central Courtyard


Classrooms Arranged Around a Single Courtyard

Plan of a Classroom

In a courtyard arrangement, a cluster of classrooms is located around a central courtyard. The shared common space can be used for various activities.


Size of a Classroom


Height of a Classroom

The classroom is the basic unit of a school. The classroom size depends on the number of students, the methods of teaching, the activities conducted, and other classroom facilities. The average amount of space required by a student in a classroom varies from a minimum of 1.1 square metres to 2 square meters, depending on the number of students per desk.


Types of Classrooms


Learning between students and teachers takes place both formally and informally within classrooms. This develops the need to know and understand classroom types.

  • Regular classrooms have basic furniture, storage, and teaching facilities.

  • Activity classrooms, combine activities with regular classrooms for conducting various activities in an internal environment.

  • Seminar or theory rooms are used to conduct seminars for various age groups, exchange programs, give talks, etc.

  • Subject rooms hold demonstrations, experiments, and activities related to various subjects can be conducted.

  • Extracurricular activities, for conducting non-subjective activities like music, the arts, theatre, etc.

Furniture Arrangement in Classrooms

Different furniture layouts depends upon:

  • Number of students in a classroom

  • Number of students per desk

  • Furniture requirements and sizes

  • Activity spaces, storage spaces and other basic facilities to be provided.

A classroom layout of 40 students with single desks and benches. The area is 81 sq.m.

A classroom layout of 40 students, with a two-sharing desk. The area is 71 sq.m.

A classroom layout of 40 students with a three-sharing desk. The area is 71 sq.m.

Activity Corners


In activity-based learning, the main focus is on encouraging self-learning and allowing children to learn through the experience of the activity. This methodology can be used to impart concepts in various subjects like science, mathematics, history, etc. The activities can include singing, art work, recitation, role play, games, etc.