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  • Writer's pictureBenny Kuriakose

Teaching Spaces and Other Elements of a School

The school has specific needs and components that are crucial in influencing how a child learns. These components of a school serve as supportive spaces for skills that are not presented in traditional classroom settings. The school's administrative office, sports grounds, library, auditorium, and other facilities all aid in students' academic progress. Laboratories and demonstration rooms help students witness the practical application of the concepts learned theoretically in classrooms.

The classrooms at Sankalp The Learning Centre & Special Needs School

List of Content

Subject Labs

School Veranda

Subject laboratories are specialised areas that may be utilised for demonstrations, experiments, and other activities that are unique to each subject. To review the theoretically taught topics, some laboratories, such as science labs, language labs, maths labs, geography labs, etc., can be provided.

Science Labs

Science Laboratories

Laboratories may need to perform practical experiment demonstrations for chemistry, physics, and biology. For students in standard VIII and higher, the lab rooms are often available. Standard VIII–X could have a room where only the instructor conducts the experiments so that the students can see and learn. It is possible to offer labs for Standards XI-XII where teachers and students can conduct experiments.

Science Laboratories

The following is often provided for in a well-planned scientific lab:

  • A group of students can share at least one sink with running hot and cold water.

  • Sufficient counter space is needed for laboratory preparatory tasks.

  • Appropriate material and equipment.

  • Storage space for classes XI and XII.

Science Laboratory Layout

Since they simply attend demonstrations, the lower classes might not require separate storage areas. Each lab can include a presentation table with a 125 mm raised platform so that students can watch the demonstrations.

Chemistry Lab

Chemistry Laboratory

A chemistry lab offers a safe environment for carrying out experiments and analysing reactions. Following things may be found in a chemical lab:

  • Work surfaces that can withstand heat and chemicals.

  • Gas nozzles for compressed air and natural gas.

  • The safekeeping of the chemicals used in the laboratory requires chemical storage cabinets.

  • Storage space for classes XI and XII.

To make plumbing connections available, it would be best to position this lab on the ground floor.

The layout shows a chemistry lab, with an area of 112 sq.m, accommodating 24 students

Space requirements of a chemistry lab:

  • Laboratory

  • Preparation room

  • Storage room where apparatus and chemicals can be kept safe.

  • Balance room to avoid any disturbance during weighing and balancing.

  • A space for the lab assistant can also be provided.

Physics Lab

Physics Laboratory

A physics lab offers a location for employing equipment to perform experiments and comprehend the rules of physics. The following can be found in a physics lab:

  • A good source of consistent electrical supply with earthing and AC-DC voltage provision for each workstation.

  • The availability of areas with lots of natural light and spaces where experiments may be carried out without the use of artificial illumination.

  • The availability of areas with lots of natural light and spaces where experiments may be carried out without the use of artificial illumination.

  • As the equipment used in physics labs are bigger, additional storage space is typically needed.

Physics Laboratory Layout

Space requirements of a physics lab

  • Laboratory Space

  • Preparation space

  • Storage Space

  • Lab Assistant Room

  • Dark room where experiments requiring no light can be executed.

The physics lab can be placed on higher floors in case it cannot be accommodated on the ground floor.

Zoology/ Botany Lab

Biology Laboratory

In a biology lab, you may examine living organisms, record biological processes, and learn about evolution. Zoology and botany are the two study areas that make up a biology lab. The study of animals is the focus of zoology, a subfield of biology commonly referred to as "animal sciences." There are charts, diagrams, animal specimens, slides, beakers, and other learning aids for this lab. A zoology lab may need microscopes, dissection tools, and other supplies.

Botany Laboratory

Labs for Zoology and Botany may contain:

  • Demonstration table with a sink to view dissection procedures.

  • Plant and animal specimens, storage beakers, and display cabinets through which the specimens are visible.

  • Provision of microscopes with ample natural light in the room for viewing.

The rooms allotted to the zoology and botany labs can be separate or one single lab.

Biology Laboratory Layout

Geography Labs

Geography Laboratory

For a better knowledge of geographical concepts like location, area, density, size, etc., geography laboratories are offered. These labs use maps, globes, books, and specialised measuring equipment. This lab may be given a space of around 60 square metres, together with a storage room of 12 square metres, to accommodate 40 students. For the students to refer books and texts on a particular subject, a small subject library room might also be built.

This lab may have:

  • Display of maps on the walls—a world map, a country map, and local state and district maps—for children to learn about their location and country.

  • Globes of various sizes and scales.

  • Survey equipment like glass tables for tracing with a size of about 915x60x1000 mm, display boards, topographic sheets, a magnetic compass, etc.

  • Equipment like a hygrometer, anemometer, thermometer, barometer, and rain gauges for measuring moisture content, wind speed, etc.

  • Display of physiographic models and different types of rocks like metamorphic, sedimentary, and igneous rocks.

  • Store room with cupboards, map stands, documents, stock registers, etc.

Geography Laboratory

Mathematics Labs

In a mathematics laboratory, students can learn and explore mathematical concepts by verifying facts and theorems through physical activities like building models and paper-folding techniques.

A Maths lab can provide:

  • Model-making spaces.

  • Storage of craft and stationary items.

  • Large table for cutting, drafting and conducting group activities.

  • Measuring tapes, instrument boxes, tangram puzzles, stencils, graphs etc.

  • Geo boards, fraction boards, volumetric cups, probability kit, time indicators etc.

Mathematics Laboratory

Following ideas can be used while planning a maths lab:

  • A practical explanation of important formulae can be demonstrated. For example, the Pythagoras theorem can be represented through the diagonals of the room to calculate angles, distances, etc.

  • Angles, scales, and proportions can be marked on the horizontal and vertical walls.

  • Different units of measurement can be displayed around the lab, like metres and feet.

Mathematics Laboratory

Computer Labs

Computer Lab at Harishree Vidyalaya

Children can stay up with the increasingly digital world with the help of a computer lab. Computers, an internet connection, and a projector for watching demonstrations are all amenities the lab can offer. Each student can have a workstation with a depth of 450–600 mm and a width of 750–1000 mm in these labs. A computer lab's arrangement can be thought out such that the workstations are positioned along the walls, giving the teacher a better view of the students' assignments. The installation of air conditioners in a computer lab may lessen the heat generated by the system while also reducing the amount of dust present.

Computer Laboratory Layout

Language Labs

Students can develop their language abilities at the language laboratory by reading, performing, interacting, and engaging in plenty of other activities. The phonetic sounds, words, punctuation, and pronunciations are acquired by children. If it's feasible, language laboratories should feature headphone sets so that every child can hear well and a projector for images, as well as good audio systems. With 20–30 students, a typical lab may be 40–60 square metres in size. Sound-absorbing materials can be used to treat the space.

Language Laboratory

Demonstration Classroom

For grades VII through X, the typical size and design of a science lab at a school is comparable to that of a classroom. This is so that there is adequate provision for merely observing the demonstration. It is possible to add a sink, electrical outlets, gas lines, etc. to the teacher's table.

School of Engineering Classroom


Students and faculty can use a range of materials in a library, including books, research papers, reports, the internet, archives, etc. As technology develops, a library's function is radically altering. The importance of e-books, digital archives, and audio-visual rooms in library settings is rising.

Library at Harishree Vidyalaya

Library at Harishree Vidyalaya



For the efficient functioning of a library, the following components can be included:

  • Stack room

  • General reading room

  • Reference room

  • Journal, newspaper, periodicals space

  • Librarian’s space

  • Exhibition space

  • Digital archive section

  • Audio Visual room

Wrong and Right Library Layout Respectively

The shelves in the stack chamber may be positioned 1800 mm apart from one another to allow for movement between them. So that light falls on the books stacked on the racks, these shelves in the stack room can be positioned perpendicular to the location of the windows.

Primary and pre-primary pupils might have their own area in the library filled with books that are appropriate for their ages.

Primary and Higher Secondary Library Sections

Around 70 to 90 square metres will be needed in the reading area to accommodate 30 to 40 children.


To store the books and keep them organised, adequate storage facilities might be made available. It is possible to design for bulletin boards, stationery, book display racks, student bag racks, and catalogue cabinets. The library's magazine rack can be used to make current books, magazines, journals, newspapers, and other publications available.

Magazine Section Library

Digital Library Layout

The library has a place where you may access digitised documents. This area may also make e-books and e-journals accessible for research. With the addition of tables, seats, and shelving, this space is capable of hosting computers and providing network connectivity.

It is possible to promote areas where kids may view lectures and films alongside their teachers. Smart boards may not be available in every classroom, making it simpler to access a piece of the online library. The areas may be used for reading, storytelling, watching videos, and other activities.

Audio-visual Space in the Library

The library is often located on the ground floor since books are heavy. The floor slabs must be properly strengthened by structural engineers if the library is to be located on an upper floor.



School activities typically take place in the school auditorium. It can be built and furnished in such a way that students, staff, and the community can use it well. Consequently, it is possible to place the auditorium in the school's public area so that everyone can use it. It may be accessible to them throughout the holidays, generating some cash to support the running of the school.

Layout of the Auditorium in the School

An auditorium may consist of the following spaces:

Main Auditorium

  • Stage/ performance area

  • Seating area (number of seats can be specified)

  • Projection/ control room

  • Equipment storage

  • Green rooms and backstage

  • Public toilet- male and female

Support spaces:

  • Projection/ control room

  • Equipment storage

  • Green rooms and backstage

  • Public toilet- male and female

For seating reasons, each spectator may have an area of between 0.5 and 0.7 square metres. Row spacing and seat width are included. With a row width of between 850 and 1000 millimetres, there is enough room for both walking and sitting. A maximum of 16 seats may be offered in an auditorium with fixed seating. A space between the chairs is necessary if there are more than 16 seats needed in a row.

Seating Dimension

The auditorium can hold more people if it does not include fixed seats. This is because the required standard dimensions for non-fixed chairs may be much less.

Auditorium Seating

To ensure that spectators' vision is not obstructed, the first row of seating is situated 3600 mm from the stage. The average viewing angle that a spectator can tolerate is 30 degrees. The height of the stage from the floor might be 750 millimetres. For enhanced stage visibility, the auditorium's floor is divided into tiers. Levels may increase by at least 100 to 150 millimetres.

An auditorium layout with 300 seats. Area occupied by the auditorium is 625 sq.m.

The auditorium layout shows the viewing angles for the position of seats

For improved visual and auditory characteristics, a height of about 5 to 6 metres is given or above stage. The stage must have a clear opening that is at least 7.8 metres wide. For auditoriums with a capacity of more than 300 seats, lighting and acoustics experts can be consulted.

The viewing angle of a spectator, height of each level, and the position of the front row in an auditorium

Stage Height

The area needed for the auditorium is reduced by using a flat-surfaced, non-tiered movable seating configuration. The hall space in an auditorium with tiers does not permit usage as an exhibit area. These places can be used to hold art exhibits and painting contests, etc. These areas are also available for usage after school hours for working.

Administrative Spaces

These spaces include:

  • Principal’s room

  • Vice-principal’s room

  • General office with staff and clerks,

  • Visitors waiting room

  • Store room etc

Administrative Space at Harishree Vidyalaya

Administrative Space

A principal's room includes a waiting area, an attached bathroom, space for parent or teacher meetings, and space for the principal of the school. The size and quantity of rooms may differ depending on the size of the institution.